Herod was the smooth talking, jealous, and murderous type. He was Arabic by blood, Jewish by religion, Roman by citizenship, and king of Judaea by trade.
Herod, also known as Herod I or Herod the Great (born 74 BC, died 4 BC in Jericho, according to other data, 1 BC, was a Jewish Roman client king of Israel.
He was described as a madman who murdered his own family and a great many rabbis.
He is also known for his colossal building projects in Jerusalem and other parts of the ancient world, including the rebuilding of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, sometimes referred to as Herod's Temple.
Some details of his biography can be gleaned from the works of the 1st century AD Roman-Jewish historian Josephus Flavius. According to Josephus, Herod the Great ruled for 37 years, 34 years of them after capturing Jerusalem.
His son Herod Antipas, who continued the Herodian dynasty, was ruler of Galilee (4 BC - 39 AD) during the time of John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth. Herod became governor of Galilee in 47 BC. In 41 BC Herod was made tetrarch of Galilee.
Herod's Kingdom divided amongst his sons in 4 BC
- Territory of Archelaus, ruled by Roman procurators after AD 6.
- Territory of Herod Antipas (the one who killed John the Baptist.)
- Territory of Philip
Free Bible Map of Herod the Great's Kingdom
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